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Magnetic Separation Technology

Environmental protection is a very important subject in the course of human existence and development. The land area of the earth accounts for about 30% of the earth’s surface area, while the ocean area accounts for only about 70% of the earth’s surface area, and the fresh water on earth is only about 2.5% of the earth’s total water. Faced with this situation, water conservation and waste water treatment become remarkably urgent. At present, as a hot research topic of waste water treatment, the strong magnetic separation process is very effective in waste water treatment. So what is magnetic separation? How does it work? To what extent does it purify waste water?

What is magnetic separation? According to the different magnetic properties of different substances, there are three types of magnetic properties: ferromagnetism, paramagnetism and diamagnetism. And ferromagnetic substances can be added to weakly magnetic waste water as magnetic species for magnetic separation. When magnetic or non-magnetic substances in waste water (magnetic species need to be added) are in the magnetic field, the substances are bound to be subjected to the force from the magnetic field. Of course, suspended particles in waste water are subject not only to magnetic forces, but also subjected to gravity, fluid viscosity, fluid inertia, and inter-molecular attraction. As long as the magnetic field applied is large enough, the suspended particles in waste water can be magnetically separated.

Magnetic separation methods include permanent magnetic separation and electromagnetic separation (including superconducting magnetic separation). From the perspective of practical application, if we simply use permanent magnets to increase the strength of the magnetic field, we can indeed increase the magnitude of the magnetic force, but such magnets are too costly to produce. Therefore, the magnetic gradient separation method is mostly used, which is also called high gradient magnetic separation, that is, as long as the gradient of magnetic field strength is increased, the magnitude of magnetic force can be enhanced. Undoubtedly, magnetic separation technology is not only highly efficient and environmentally friendly in waste water treatment, but also boasts low production and maintenance costs. As an enhanced version of the general magnetic separation technology, superconducting magnetic separation technology will greatly improve the performance of constant magnetic separation.

We have reasons to believe that the magnetic separation technology will be widely applied in our daily life as scientists continue to study the separation degree mechanism of magnets and pollutants.

Leyuan Group Co., Ltd. is an experienced magnetic assemblies manufacturers, we provide magnetic filtration, alnico pot magnets, guitar pickup bar magnets, alnico pickup magnets and etc. Want to know more? Please contact us.

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