CCS Round Wire
|4.12.2019||Posted by Earthrodchina under Business Products & Services|
0.8 Series CCS Round Wire
Origin of new material development
0.8mm series copper clad stainless steel wire is a new type of material developed by our Company to replace pure copper. Because it has the advantages of high strength, low price, high corrosion resistance and high conductivity of copper, and meanwhile its comprehensive performance is high and its cost is more economical than pure copper grounding device, it has been widely used in UHV lines, petrochemical industry, nuclear power and high-speed railway, especially in key projects in recent years.
The material in which the surface of a steel core is uniformly coated with copper includes copper-clad steel bars (for vertical grounding electrode only), copper-clad steel tape, and copper-clad steel wires (including round wires and stranded wires). According to the production process, it can be divided into continuous casting copper-clad steel and electroplating copper-clad steel.
Development of copper-clad steel grounding device
With the increasing voltage level of power lines and the increasing capacity of the system, higher requirements are put forward for the safety and reliability of grounding devices.
The traditional method in foreign countries is to use pure copper as the grounding material, but pure copper is expensive and it is a strategic resource, which is not suitable for being massively used as grounding devices in China. From 1910 to 1955, National Bureau of Standards (NBS) conducted corrosion resistance studies of grounding bodies. 36,500 samples collected at 128 test sites throughout the United States represented 333 metal materials consisting of iron, non-ferrous metals and protective coatings, respectively. The test results show that only steel bars and stainless steel bars with copper plating thickness over 0.5mm can be accepted.
In addition, continue the statistical data of 8 to 30 years and take the test results of 43 copper samples in different soils, 41 of which were calculated, to get the 0.17mm average pitting depth of 30 years. Therefore, some international standards have determined the thickness of copper coating of copper-clad steel material to be at least 0.25 mm. Considering the hard friction during construction, it is suggested that the thickness of copper coating be defined as 0.5-0.8 mm.
In China, copper clad(copperweld) steel materials are widely used in substation grounding grids in areas with high soil resistivity. Because of the characteristics of UHV project, such as high voltage level, large capacity and short power cut window period, combined with the corrosion intensity of groundwater in the area, copper-clad steel grounding devices have been applied in UHV lines and many UHV lines in China use copper-clad steel materials as grounding bodies.
Comparison between copper-clad steel grounding and traditional hot-dip galvanized steel grounding device
- Corrosion rate comparision
Annual corrosion rate of grounding materials in some place of Beijing and Tianjin
|Material||Beijing Liangxiang||Tianjing Dongli|
The test results show that galvanized steel has the most serious corrosion and its corrosion rate is more than 50 times higher than that of pure copper; the corrosion degree of stainless steel is much lower than that of pure copper and copper-clad steel, showing good corrosion resistance; as a copper-steel composite material, the self-corrosion potential of copper-clad steel in soil is basically the same as that of pure copper, and its corrosion rate is the same as that of pure copper; the corrosion rate of the electroplated copper-clad steel with thinner coating is higher than that of the continuous casting copper-clad steel with thicker coating.
- Analysis and comparison of physical performance in short circuit
If the conductivity of copper were 100% and the conductivity of standard 1020 steel were only 10.8%, the conductivity of copper would be about 10 times that of steel. However, the conductivity of the 30% conductivity ccs wire would be 30%, and the conductivity of the 40% conductivity copper-clad round wire would be 40%, which would be far better than the steel grounding body. Especially under skin effect, the conductivity of copper-plated strands at high frequencies would be much better than that of steel, that is, the conductivity of copper grounding body would be better than that of steel grounding body. The melting point of copper is 1083℃ and the maximum allowable temperature during short circuit is 450℃ ; the melting point of steel is 1510℃ and the maximum allowable temperature during short circuit is 400℃. Therefore, when the grounding body has the same cross section, the copper-clad steel grounding material has better thermal stability.
- Economic comparison
According to Appendix D of Technical Conditions for Copper-clad Steel for Grounding in Electrical Engineering, the corrosion rates of copper clad steel in different soils are calculated according to the reference values in table. Corrosion rate of pure copper under different soil corrosion grades (mm/a)
|Soil corrosion grade||La extremely weak corrosion||Lb Weak corrosion||II Strong corrosion||III Extremely strong corrosion|
The 0.8mm copper plating thickness is enough to meet the requirement of 60 years of service under the grade of III extremely strong corrosion.
The corrosion rate of galvanized steel is nearly 50 times that of copper-clad steel under the same soil conditions, and the grounding body should be overhauled after being used for 3-5 years.
The State Grid has accounted the UHV tower according to the drawings: after the investigation of the market price of material during the construction, the market price of the copper-clad-steel grounding body is calculated at RMB 20 /m, the market price of φ12 galvanized-steel round steel grounding body is calculated at RMB 6 /m and the grounding body laying is calculated according to the grounding construction drawing. During the 30-year whole life cycle, galvanized steel is overhauled every 5 years, of which the cost of material is RMB 20 /m for copper-clad steel and RMB 36/m for galvanized steel, that is, only material cost can be reduced by 80%. Galvanized steel can be overhauled and replaced six times. If the construction cost is RMB 70 /m3 for earthwork and stone works and each base tower is calculated by 23 m3 for excavation, RMB 9660 per base tower will be saved.
Copper-clad steel construction
The horizontal laying of the copper clad ground wire is the same as that of the ordinary galvanized round steel, where only the connection method is changed to hot-melt welding, which has reduced the contact resistance between the joints and is more conducive to the release of lightning current.
Exothermic welding, also known as „aluminum heat welding“, is a simple, high-efficiency, high-quality metal joining process that has been mass-produced and used in China in recent years. Exothermic welding uses chemical reaction heat of metal compounds as heat source and through superheated (reduced) molten metal or indirect heating, a certain shape and size of the melted joint is formed in the cavity of the special graphite mould, which meets the engineering requirements, and finally through cooling and condensation, the welding process is realized. At present, exothermic welding has generally replaced the mechanical connection between metals in the past.
Advantages of copper-clad steel
1.It has strong corrosion resistance and will not be disjointed, warped or cracked. The corrosion in the grounding body of the grounding grid is reduced, which has improved the overall operational safety of the equipment;
- It has good electrical conductivity and stable electrical performance;
- The copper layer and the steel bar achieve molecular bonding, and the grounding bar will not break down when it penetrates into the soil.
- The copper-clad-steel grounding material used has high efficiency of reducing the resistance, and the length of the horizontal grounding body is reduced by 1/3 for the design of the high-resistance section, greatly reducing the excavation amount of the earthwork;
- The design and use of exothermic welding technology is very suitable for the needs of field construction, greatly improving work efficiency and effectively shortening the construction period.
Performance parameters of copper-clad steel wire
Copper layer thickness:0.8mm; tensile strength: greater than 500MPa; copper-clad steel bent 180° without peeling off copper layer.
Specification of 0.8mm series copper-clad round steel: Soft copper-clad round bars are generally packaged in hanks or rolls, 100 meters per roll, easy to transport, suitable for laying of large grounding grids and horizontal grounding lines.
Usage:key projects, large grounding grids and horizontal grounding wires in industries with higher lightning protection requirements, etc.
|Model No.||Dimensions (mm)||Copper Layer(mm)|
|BSD-GW-R10S||10||0.8 / 0.5 / 0.25|
|BSD-GW-R12S||12||0.8 / 0.5 / 0.25|
|BSD-GW-R14S||14||0.8 / 0.5 / 0.25|
- If the thickness of copper layer is required to be 1 mm, please contact us directly.
- We undertake custom-made zinc-clad steel ground rod and round steel.
Production method of copper clad steel technical field The invention specifically relates to a production method of copper clad steel.
Background technologycopper clad steel
The conductivity of existing copper clad steel products is not good, far inferior to that of pure copper products. The reason is that the overall product performance is insufficient when copper is coated on steel materials in the process.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above technical problems, the invention provides a production method of copper clad steel.
A copper clad steel production method comprises the following steps:
- Surface treatment of steel wire;
- Stripping and wire drawing of the treated steel wire;
- Straightening and polishing the treated steel wire.
- Heating the treated steel wire to 300-400 degrees.
- Melting copper into water in high temperature furnace.
- The steel wire in step D is coated with copper water in step E and then cold crystallized to form the product.
Preferably, the steel wire surface treatment in step A is a mechanical grinding treatment without water contamination.
The invention provides a production method of copper clad steel. The conductivity of the product obtained by the method is close to that of the pure copper product, the cost is greatly reduced, and the service life is prolonged.